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Lubrication mechanism

When lubrication film exists between two relatively moving surfaces,friction conditions of two contact surfaces can be classified in three steps as below:
·Hydrodynamic lubrication
·Boundary lubrication
·Solid lubrication

Hydrodynamic lubrication

Ludrication film between the two contact surfaces is thick enough and two contact surfaces are separated completely by viscous oil film.At this time,frictional force of two contact surfaces are determined by viscous resistance of lubricant and it can be take a very small value(coefficients of friction can be 0.0001~0.01).Under this condition,When shaft also rotates due to the viscosity of the lubricant oil and generates oil pressure at the load area.This phenomenon is called wedge effect. The oil pressure P generated within lubricating oil film is affected by change of temperature and viscosity of lubricating oil,surface roughness,clearnce and rotational speed of the shaft.

Boundary lubrication

Lubricating oil film between the two contact surfaces is extremly thin and no viscous hydrodynamic oil film exists between the two contact areas,only film of absorbed oil molecues exists.Absorptive oil film is arranged oil moecules that are adhered onto the soild surfaces and its shear resistance is greater than hydrodnamic oil film.Fricitional force in this area is greater compare to hydrodynamic lubrication. In the frictional contact points,oil film is frequently broken.The lubrication condition that generates a fricational conditon such as this is called "boundary lubrication",in order to decrease the friction under this conditon,selection of self-lubricating bearing may be desirable.

Solid lubrication

Under this work condition,the two solid surfaces contact directly with each other,there is no lubricating film such as hydrodynamic film or absotptive oil film.The frictional force is proportional only to the vertical load appiled to the contact surface of the silding velocity and the static friction is greater than kinetic friction.Thus the self-lubricating bearing material selection is critical to perforrmance.

Reference
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